What is Ethereum (ETH) and Why It Matters

Ethereum, represented by the symbol ETH, is a ground-breaking blockchain platform that has greatly expanded the scope of digital currencies. Pioneered by Vitalik Buterin, Ethereum introduced a novel idea – smart contracts, which allow the execution of programmable, self-enforcing contracts without the need for intermediaries. Ethereum’s blockchain is the backbone for numerous decentralised applications (dApps), many of which are integral to the rapidly growing DeFi, or Decentralised Finance, movement.

With its native currency, Ether, being used for transaction fees, Ethereum has proven to be much more than just a digital token- it’s a thriving ecosystem. Ethereum’s planned upgrades to enhance scalability, security, and sustainability, like Ethereum 2.0, underline its potential for continued growth. As a result, Ethereum remains a vital force in the cryptocurrency world, facilitating innovation, and presenting considerable potential for investors and developers alike.

Let’s take a deep dive into the topic.


The Birth of Ethereum

Ethereum was proposed in late 2013 by a then 19-year-old programmer, Vitalik Buterin. Buterin felt that Bitcoin needed a scripting language for application development. However, when he failed to gain agreement, he proposed the development of a new platform, Ethereum, with a more general scripting language. Ethereum’s development was crowdfunded in 2014, and the network went live on 30 July 2015.


Ethereum’s Technology: Blockchain and Beyond

Ethereum, like Bitcoin, is based on a blockchain. However, Ethereum’s blockchain is designed to store different types of data. This data can be accessed and used by computer programs running on the Ethereum blockchain. These programs, called smart contracts, automate direct interactions between peers.


Understanding Smart Contracts

A smart contract is a self-executing contract with the terms of the agreement directly written into code. They allow trusted transactions and agreements to be carried out among disparate, anonymous parties without a central authority, legal system, or external enforcement mechanism.


Ether: Ethereum’s Native Cryptocurrency

Ether (ETH) is the native cryptocurrency of the Ethereum platform. It is used to pay for transaction fees and computational services on the Ethereum network.


Market Performance

Ethereum’s cryptocurrency, Ether, has experienced significant growth since its initial release. As of 2023, it is the second-largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, following closely behind Bitcoin.




Notable Events and Innovations

From the ICO boom of 2017, powered by Ethereum’s smart contracts, to the current explosion of DeFi and NFTs, Ethereum has been at the heart of major blockchain innovations. However, it has also faced scalability issues, leading to the development of Ethereum 2.0, which aims to improve the scalability, security, and sustainability of the network.


Buying, Storing, and Selling Ethereum

Buying Ethereum is straightforward on platforms like Zeply. Ethereum can be stored in a crypto wallet, either online (hot wallet) or offline (cold wallet). Selling Ethereum is also easy and can be done on exchanges.


Risks and Rewards

Investing in Ethereum carries its risks and rewards. Its price volatility can lead to significant gains or losses. However, given its wide array of applications, many see significant long-term potential in Ethereum.


Ethereum’s Ongoing Development

Ethereum 2.0, the most-recent upgrade for the platform, aims to enhance the system’s efficiency and security while also minimising its energy usage. This upgrade transitioned Ethereum from proof-of-work to proof-of-stake, boosting its scalability even further.


Looking at Ethereum’s current journey after Ethereum 2.0, it’s evident that this digital asset is focused on significant improvements. The recent successful conclusion of the Ethereum merge checkpoint, a major step towards a more scalable, secure, and sustainable network, underscores this commitment.

Additionally, the anticipated introduction of sharding as the final step in the Ethereum 2.0 upgrade is slated for 2024 and r aims to increase Ethereum’s transaction capabilities. Alongside Ethereum’s robust ecosystem of decentralised applications (dApps) and DeFi offerings, these key improvements highlight Ethereum’s ongoing development efforts.



Ethereum is more than just a cryptocurrency. It’s a catalyst for innovation. Its applications span a broad range, and it plays a pivotal role in the continued growth and evolution of the blockchain ecosystem. Explore the world of Ethereum with Zeply today!